Trespass and Riding Over Lands of Another
In New Jersey, a charge of Trespass and Riding Over Lands can result in a criminal record. The offenses are related.
The Trespass Act states:
N.J.S.A. 2C:18-3. Unlicensed entry of structures; defiant trespasser; peering into dwelling places; defenses.
a. Unlicensed entry of structures. A person commits an offense if, knowing that he is not licensed or privileged to do so, he enters or surreptitiously remains in any research facility, structure, or separately secured or occupied portion thereof, or in or upon utility company property. An offense under this subsection is a crime of the fourth degree if it is committed in a school or on school property. The offense is a crime of the fourth degree if it is committed in a dwelling. An offense under this section is a crime of the fourth degree if it is committed in a research facility, power generation facility, waste treatment facility, public sewage facility, water treatment facility, public water facility, nuclear electric generating plant or any facility which stores, generates or handles any hazardous chemical or chemical compounds. An offense under this subsection is a crime of the fourth degree if it is committed in or upon utility company property. Otherwise it is a disorderly persons offense.
b. Defiant trespasser. A person commits a petty disorderly persons offense if, knowing that he is not licensed or privileged to do so, he enters or remains in any place as to which notice against trespass is given by:
c. Peering into windows or other openings of dwelling places. A person commits a crime of the fourth degree if, knowing that he is not licensed or privileged to do so, he peers into a window or other opening of a dwelling or other structure adapted for overnight accommodation for the purpose of invading the privacy of another person and under circumstances in which a reasonable person in the dwelling or other structure would not expect to be observed.
d. Defenses. It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that:
SOURCE. N.J.S. 2A:170-31; 2A:170-58; 2A:170-59 amended 1965, c. 68; 1972, c. 140. Amended. L. 1980, c. 112, §3; L. 1994, c. 90, §1, effective August 9, 1994; L. 1995, c. 20, §4, effective January 25, 1995; L. 1997, c. 15, §1, effective January 31, 1997; L. 2005, c. 100, §1, effective June 15, 2005; L. 2009, c. 283, §3, effective January 17, 2010.
Additional definitions relevant to Trespass offenses are contained in N.J.S.A, 2C:18-1. They provide:
2C:18-1. Definition. In this chapter, unless a different meaning plainly is required:
a. "structure" means any building, room, ship, vessel, car, vehicle or airplane, and also means any place adapted for overnight accommodation of persons, or for carrying on business therein, whether or not a person is actually present;
b. "utility company property" means property; (1) owned by a public utility, as defined in R.S.48:2-13, or by a municipality, county, water district, authority or other public agency, and (2) which is used for the purpose of providing electric, gas or water utility service.
SOURCE. Model Penal Code: 221.0. Amended. L. 1980, c. 112, §1; L. 2009, c. 283, §1, effective January 17, 2010.
Riding Over Lands of Another